Shaping Anglesey

With at least 9,000 years of human habitation, the island is a paradise for archaeologists, as well as visitors who are fascinated by more recent events.


The Isle of Anglesey is located prominently off the north-west coast of North Wales. The retreating ice masses of the last ice age sculpted the present land until 10,000 years ago and left a narrow channel of sea water separating the island from the adjacent mainland. Today, the Menai Strait is crossed by one of two famous bridges – the Stephenson Britannia Bridge and the Telford Menai Bridge.

As the largest island off the Welsh and English coasts, Anglesey’s landscape reveals a vast number of archaeological and historical episodes – from stone age hunters to castle builders – against a backdrop of stunning scenery. The Vikings settled here and used the name Anglesey in honour of Ongull; the Romans before them referred to the island as Mona, hence the island’s Welsh name – Ynys Môn. Language remains a vital aspect of this history with Welsh spoken widely as a first language by many local people.

Presenting this wealth of history and culture to the numerous visitors to the island is a challenging task.